“I love this raw atmosphere and this exciting light, where everything is on display,” he said in a video interview, explaining that the Arctic “has always fascinated him”. “On the one hand, the wilderness wants to kill you and on the other hand, life is possible and goes on. There are things happening in these remote places that affect us all, and it is important that people understand these developments. . ”
“It was clear from the start that there wasn’t a lot of architecture in the Arctic, so I came back with relatively little material,” Sailer said of her early voyages. He then focused his attention on a dozen remote scientific research facilities, military bases, and centers of economic development and raw material extraction.
The North Warning System (NWS), an air defense early warning radar system built jointly by the United States and Canada. Credit: Gregor Sailer
Much like the region itself, these facilities are often austere and cold. Composed of clean geometric shapes and exposed structural elements, their functional forms stand out from the gloomy surroundings.
“I want my work to show the extremely exposed nature of these installations,” Sailer said. “I try to get a feel for the whole space I’m working in, and then I decide what details are important to capture in order to allow strangers to access that space.”
Building in an arid landscape
While filming the project, Sailer endured snowstorms and temperatures below minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit. He used an analog camera that doesn’t depend on batteries (which can quickly run out in sub-freezing temperatures), giving him one less worry in extreme climates.
Working with physical film has always left the photographer vulnerable to the elements as it can be easily damaged or lost. Nevertheless, Sailer prefers to work in analog: “Part of the game is the risk. It increases my awareness, calms me down and increases my awareness.
At first glance, the structures in Sailer’s images reveal little of their intended functions; antennas, satellite dishes and power lines suspended between radar towers are found in military bases as well as research facilities. But the photographer said his images were more aimed at exploring how architecture works in the landscape.
The EastGRIP research facility in Greenland, where scientists drill into the ice cap to understand previous climatic conditions and the behavior of ice currents. Credit: Gregor Sailer
“I wanted to capture a void that is not empty. It is important for me that the viewers feel the environment and the dimensions of this vast surreal landscape,” he explained, adding: “I am trying to do it. through overviews (first), then going into detail, so viewers can get a better idea of what these facilities are for. “
An awareness of space is omnipresent throughout “The Polar Silk Road”. Sailer’s photographs emphasize the color and shape of the structures, rather than their size, leaving the void to give viewers a holistic sense of the surroundings.
Some of the buildings, like the air defense radar towers in Tuktoyaktuk, Canada, are constructed from white or gray materials that blend almost seamlessly into the pale canvas of the sky. Other photographs show small buildings in bright colors that contrast sharply with their white surroundings, such as those at the EastGRIP research center in Greenland.
Race for influence
The Arctic may include vast swathes of inhospitable land, but it is now the subject of growing geopolitical interest. Actors like Russia, the United States and, more recently, China, are all fighting to develop new sea routes in the region.
Several of Sailer’s photographs focus on the China-Iceland Arctic Observatory (CIAO), a joint effort between the two countries to collect data on Sun-Earth interactions in the polar atmosphere, such as the auroras. Elsewhere, Sailer depicts a base in Alaska operated by the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), an organization born out of Cold War anxiety over Soviet technological advances, which monitors US airspace. and Canadian.
The China-Iceland Arctic Observatory, the result of scientific collaboration between research institutes from the two countries. Credit: Gregor Sailer
But land claims in the Arctic are not limited to self-defense – they are aimed at securing control over resources hidden under melting ice, such as oil and natural gas, writes Günter Köck, coordinator of international research programs. of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. , in Sailer’s book.
Climate change “is the engine”
There is, said Sailer, one thread weaving together the economic, military and scientific growth documented in his book: the looming threat of climate change.
Many of the buildings he photographed in Tuktoyaktuk are threatened by the constant erosion of the permafrost. With their foundations compromised, older structures are starting to lean and sink into the ground as the ice melts, he explained.
“Climate change is the driving force behind all developments, and I wanted to document it,” Sailer said. “If the ice did not disappear, these trade routes would not appear.”
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Several of the facilities described in Sailer’s book are dedicated to understanding climate change, such as the ice core drilling sites in Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, where international researchers are analyzing ice buildup over hundreds of thousands of years to better understand atmospheric and meteorological changes.
Sailer hopes that by publishing “The Polar Silk Road” he can show the public how developments in the Arctic are influencing – and are being influenced by – climate change.
“My job as a photographer is to go to these lesser-known places, where things are happening that influence our society, and bring these events to light,” he said. “I offer these images in the hope of spark discussion and in the hope that people will start to think about these topics or view the world around them in a new way.”